~ Angkor Wat, Cambodia
Ascend to the realm of Gods, Angkor Wat – Cambodia’s paradise, Angkor is one of the most important archaeological sites in Southeast Asia. The word Angkor comes from the Sanskrit ‘nagara’, meaning “city”
History of Angkor
The principal temple of the Angkorian region, Angkor Wat, was built between 1113 and 1150 by King Suryavarman II in the Khmer regime. He dedicated the temple to Vishnu rather than to Siva which relates to Vaishnavism in India.
Following the death of Suryavarman, a Khmer prince Jayavarman assumed the throne. He constructed the profoundly walled city of Angkor Thom. He also constructed its geographic and spiritual center, the temple known as the Bayon. Consequently, popular temples of Ta Prohm and Preah Khan were built as a dedication to his parents. Because of his faith in Buddhism, Hindu temples were altered to display images of the Buddha, and Angkor Wat briefly became a Buddhist shrine.
Apart from a religious site, Angkor was a indeed a vast city to fulfill the needs of Khmer folks. Inscription of Angkorian religion prevails on the stones making it easier to write about the history of their religion.
Temples of Angkor
There are some popular and massive temples built right from 12th century in Angkor. Some of which are Angkor Wat, Preah Khan, Bayon, Banteay Srei and the list goes on. This makes the entire of Angkor equally an abode of Gods.
Undoubtedly, Angkor Wat is magnificient and its intricate details will definitely leave you speechless. This temple is the heart of Cambodia. The grandeur of this place (then kingdom) will awe-struck you. You will also find the carvings of beautiful celestial nymphs (apsaras) which are unique. Each one with a different hair style.
A statue of Lord Vishnu of about 3. 25 meters stands even. This statue is made of single sandstone block. Angkor wat and other temples represent a sacred place for Khmer community
Building of Angkor Wat –
According to inscriptions, the construction of this temple involved 300,000 workers and 6000 elephants massively. But it was still incomplete. Sandstone being the main component in the entire construction. The workers transported this sandstone from a mountain, 50 kms away through rivers on rafts. Moreover, it is the largest religious building in the world. Nonetheless, it’s layout depicts the entire world. Central towers depict the Mount Meru. The home of Gods – the outer walls depict the mountains circling the world. And the moat depicts the oceans.